Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD) - Diagnosis & Treatment

How is HFMD diagnosed?

Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is typically diagnosed through a clinical examination.

How is HFMD treated?

Most cases of HFMD respond well to conservative treatment at home. Being sufficiently hydrated is key to recovery. You should:

  • Ensure adequate rest and fluids.
  • Use oral numbing drops or gels to coat painful oral ulcers in younger children and infants. You can also give regular paracetamol and ibuprofen for pain relief prior to feeding.
  • Provide cool food and drinks. Cool food and liquids such as juices, ice cream or yoghurt may be easier to eat with a painful mouth.
  • Allow blisters to dry out naturally. Usually, the blisters are not itchy and do not require additional creams, lotions or medication for symptom relief.
  • Observe good hand hygiene while taking care of your child to prevent the disease from spreading.

Note: You should bring your child to a doctor for clearance to return to childcare or school when their blisters have fully dried up and oral ulcers have healed.

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