Colorectal surgery may be performed on the colon, rectum and anus to treat a variety of conditions.
The colon is the longest part of the large intestine and the rectum is the passageway connecting the colon to the anus.
Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is the most commonly used procedure in colorectal surgery. It includes both laparoscopic (keyhole) and robotic surgery.
During MIS, your surgeon will:
After the procedure, your surgeon will stitch up your incisions, leaving minimal visible scarring.
If you are not suitable for MIS, your doctor may recommend open surgery instead.
Colorectal surgery can be used to treat benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) conditions.
Your doctor may recommend colorectal surgery if you have:
Minimally invasive colorectal surgery may not be suitable if you have:
Depending on your condition, your doctor may recommend open surgery instead.
Your risk of complications depends on your general health and the type of surgery performed. Like other major surgeries, colorectal surgery is associated with the following risks:
In the hands of an experienced surgeon, these complications are rare.